Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) is one of the most highly evolved cephalopods.
Its eight tentacles distinguish the octopus from the ten-tentacled squid. The octopus' tentacles have suction pads, which they use to hold onto surfaces or their prey. Octopuses use their tentacles to catch their prey and transfer it to their mouths.
Octopuses are loners, living on the seabed and often seeking out hollows in the rock in which to hide and lie in wait for passing prey. Octopuses can swim, but they only do so in exceptional situations, as they are easy prey to their predators in open water.
Octopus must be blanched or beaten prior to cooking, otherwise its flesh will become tough.
One popular cooking method is to slice the octopus and briefly sear with garlic, for example. Octopus also lends itself to being grilled, cooked in breadcrumbs or deep-fried.
Flavour and texture
Octopus flesh is firm and elastic. If not cooked properly, it becomes tough and inedible.
The flesh has a mild, sweet flavour. Octopus has a neutral odour.
Pots and traps
Fishing with traps and pots is one of the oldest fishing methods. Our Stone Age ancestors used this method, which involves attaching the baited cages to lines and submerging them in the water. Unlike trawling, for example, it is one of the more passive fishing methods and also one of the best methods for preserving fish stocks.
Pots often resemble cages or baskets with one more openings (funnels) and are placed on the ocean floor, with or without bait.
Once the fish has swum into the pot, it cannot escape due to the funnel-shaped entrance. However, if the animal has not yet reached the desired catch size, it can get out through the escape hatches. This enables selective fishing.
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