Sea bass (Latin: Serranus atricauda) is a medium-sized marine fish found throughout the Mediterranean, in the eastern Atlantic and in the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands.
The body of the sea bass is spindle-shaped and elongated. Its basic colour is pale, dark or reddish brown, depending on where it lives. Specimens that live in hollows or other dark places are more red in colour. Animals that spend more time in sunny locations, however, are a brownish colour.
Sea bass are territorial and don't stray from home. They live at depths of between 5 and 500 metres, in rocky reefs or above silty and sandy ocean beds. Their diet includes small fish and crustaceans.
Sea bass is a very useful fish in the kitchen, lending itself to almost all cooking methods: frying, grilling, poaching or sautéing.
Flavour and texture
Sea bass is widely regarded as a delicacy. It has firm, structured flesh and is very tasty.
Hooks and long lines
In long-line fishing, numerous bait hooks with branch lines are arranged along a plastic bottom set line. Long lines can be up to 130 kilometres long. However, the amount of bait and length of the line vary greatly.
Mackerel or squid are mainly used as bait. The targeted fish are mostly high-quality edible fish.
The advantages of this fishing method are the comparatively low rate of injury to the target fish compared with net fishing and the fact that the ocean floor is not damaged. The downside of this catch method is the relatively high bycatch rate.