Ideal geographical conditions
It has long been thought that vines thrive best on slopes, and in that respect Italy offers geographical conditions that are virtually ideal. The Apennine mountain range runs through Italy from the north-west to the south-east, forming a weather divide. The Alps protect the wine regions in Italy from cold north winds, and the landscape is dominated by the Mediterranean Sea, the Tyrrhenian Sea and many other bodies of water. The Mediterranean region has a Mediterranean climate, with predominantly hot, dry summers and mild, humid winters – ideal for most grape varieties. The soils are also varied, and advantageous for winegrowing areas in Italy – featuring limestone, tuff and gravelly loam.
There can, of course, be no single description of the climate of a country that’s 1 200 km long. It is on the cool side in the foothills of the Alps, where the winegrowing regions of Trentino, South Tyrol and Lombardy are located, and hot in Calabria and Sicily.