History and geography
The ancient Romans drank wine from Piedmont, the land "at the foot of the mountain". Its many medieval castles are particularly impressive. Historically, Piedmont is one of Italy's richest regions.
The hilly landscape lies like a huge valley between the foothills of the Alps in the south and the Apennines in the east. The vineyards are all on slopes facing south-west and east.
The cool climate allows the grapes to ripen slowly, making them very aromatic. Volcanic tuff (tufo) predominates, and limestone soils are also abundant.