History of viticulture in Tuscany
Tuscany is one of the oldest winegrowing regions in Europe. Wine has been cultivated in the area between Florence and Siena since the Etruscans settled there in about 1000 BC.
Later Tuscany supplied wines to the Roman Empire, whose inhabitants greatly appreciated their fruitiness – in contrast to the heavy wines from southern Italy.
In the 10th and 11th centuries it was mainly the monasteries that practised viticulture. Most vineyards, after all, were church property. The city-states of Florence and Siena were particularly important for winegrowing in Tuscany, and the good reputation of the region's wines extended far beyond the borders of their dominions.