The southernmost of the world-renowned Médoc communes is home to the largest number of the legendary wineries or Grands Crus Classés, officially classified in 1855. Its flagship is Château Margaux.
The Bordeaux-Margaux appellation includes not only this commune, but also the neighbouring villages of Arsac, Cantenac, Labarde and Soussans. As the southernmost of the Médoc sites, it benefits from slightly earlier grape ripening in some years, which often has a positive effect on the finished wine.
Margaux has some of the most impressive hilltops of lean gravel (Croupes de Graves), consisting of material that the Garonne River brought down from the Pyrenees and piled up here long ago. They particularly favour the Cabernet Sauvignon grape. Where there are admixtures of loam and sand, the gravel is perfect for Merlot.
Cabernet Sauvignon dominates with about 50%, complemented by about 40% Merlot. The rest is shared by such varieties as Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot and Carmenère.
A fully mature Margaux always has a special suppleness, polish and stunning fruitiness, somewhat reminiscent of raspberries. It is then described as the "most feminine" of the Médoc wines. In its youth, though, a Margaux is just as introverted as its brothers from other appellations – so it must definitely be given time to mature.
Best age for drinking
6-15 years for basic wines and vintages,10-30 years for the greatest vintages and wines.