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Burgundy – Côte de Nuits

The famous Burgundian "savoir-vivre" can be felt in every corner of the Côte de Nuits, with Dijon as its urban centre. The best red wines grow here in the north-eastern vineyards of Burgundy.

Geography

Between Dijon in the north and Corgoloin, the vineyards nestle like pearls along the Côte d'Or, Burgundy's famous limestone escarpment, which is around 20 kilometres long – and sometimes as little as 200 to 300 metres wide. This is where the greatest red Burgundies grow. Monks discovered the potential of the terroir as long ago as the 10th century. They described the sensory differences of wines from different sites, demarcated the plots and gave them names. Numerous "Clos", monastery vineyards completely surrounded by walls, bear witness to the past. The Côte de Nuits is divided into 33 different appellations, among them Gevrey-Chambertin, Chambolle-Musigny, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Vougeot und Vosne-Romanée – as well as the prime sites Romanée-Conti, La Tâche and La Romanée – which at 8,000 square metres is the smallest AOC in the world. Sites on the Côte de Nuits are classified as Premier Cru and Grand Cru.

Terroir

Here, too, sedimentary rock from the Jura dominates, sometimes resting on a base of granite and gneiss that was formed 250 million years ago. The Côte de Nuits offers ideal conditions for the cultivation of Pinot noir: the soils are calcareous, skeleton-rich and permeable, they warm up faster in spring than loamy soils. This is why the Premier and Grand Cru sites are also found on the flanks of the hills, while more basic wines grow at the bottom of the valley.

Varieties

Only a negligible volume of white wines is produced from Chardonnay in the Côte de Nuits. This is Pinot noir territory.

Style

Red wines from Gevrey-Chambertin are powerful, velvety, with lush fruit and spicy notes, while those from Chambolle-Musigny have delicate, subtle fruit. Pinot noir from Fixin is elegant, with notes of ripe red berries.

Best age for drinking

3-5 years for basic wines5-30 years for luscious Pinots with good tannin structure, good vintages from classified sites3-15 years for elegant, delicate reds.

Popular wines from Burgundy – Côte de Nuits