The wine year in summer (June to August)
June marks the start of what are known as the ‘hundred days’ in the vineyard: the period from flowering until harvest. The flowering period, which lasts around ten days, needs warm, dry weather to ensure the best bloom. This is when the rows of vines become a hive of activity, as surplus side shoots have to be de-budded and the grapes thinned out. This foliage work is important to the formation of the canopy, which delivers nutrients to the ripening grapes.
Even at this early stage, the fruit set gives an indication of the potential harvest yield. During this phase, it is also important to protect the vines against diseases such as powdery mildew, downy mildew and botrytis. Veraison begins in August. In continental areas, preparations are underway for the harvest, which may have already begun in Mediterranean regions.
Meanwhile, in the cellar, bottling proceeds apace. Equipment is repaired and barrels are inspected.